First World WarIssue date: 28th July 2014
Reason and inspiration
This is the first set in a five part landmark series that commemorates ‘the War to end all Wars’. The First World War was a defining point in world history and this series will explore stories from the individuals who served as well as key art and poetry from the years. Stamps will be issued every year until 2018 inclusive, building into a unique series that will provide an insight into the war and the contribution and sacrifice of millions.
The First World War was an event without precedent in history and touched every household in Britain, either directly (with family members killed, injured or lost in action) or through the immense social changes it triggered. The centenary of this conflict is being marked by Royal Mail with a series of 30 stamps to be released over the next five years. Each year of the war will be commemorated by a set of six stamps, exploring six visual and thematic strands: poppy, poetry, portraits, war art, memorials and artefacts.
The stamps in the 2014 set feature a specially commissioned painting of a poppy by prominent botanical artist Fiona Strickland; a fragment from Laurence Binyon’s poem ‘For the Fallen’ carved by stonemason Gary Breeze; a portrait of Private William Cecil Tickle, an underage soldier who was killed during the Battle of the Somme; Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson’s painting A Star Shell; The Response, a sculptural monument in Newcastle which commemorates the volunteers of the Northumberland Fusiliers; and images of Princess Mary’s Gift Fund box, over 420,000 of which were distributed to British service personnel as gifts in late 1914.
POPPY, FIONA STRICKLAND
The poppy quickly became symbolic of the war. It was previously associated with the powerful effects of opium and detested by farmers as a stubborn weed, but its tendency to spring up on disturbed earth made it a common sight among the broken ground of shell-torn battlefields. The poppy’s deep red colour seemed to evoke the blood of wounded men, while the flower’s delicate petals might hint at the fragility of life itself. In this specially commissioned painting, artist Fiona Strickland captures the fine texture and translucency of a poppy’s petals.
‘FOR THE FALLEN’, LAURENCE BINYON
In 1914, Laurence Binyon was a senior curator at the British Museum and an authority on East Asian art. Born in 1869, he was too old to enlist at the outbreak of war. He had been a published poet since the age of 16, and on 21 September 1914, The Times printed his seven-stanza poem ‘For the Fallen’. At this time, the British Expeditionary Force was in retreat, having suffered heavy casualties at the Battle of Mons. Binyon’s poem is very well known today, being used across the world in the ‘Ode of Remembrance’.
PRIVATE WILLIAM CECIL TICKLE
Private William Cecil Tickle enlisted during the height of the recruiting rush on 7 September 1914. Despite being underage, he managed to join the 9th Battalion, Essex Regiment. After a period of arduous training, the battalion was deployed to France and on the third day of the Battle of the Somme attacked near the village of Ovillers. The troops were hit by machine-gun fire from three sides and suffered heavy casualties. Among the dead was Private Tickle. Having no known grave, he is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme in France.
A STAR SHELL, C R W NEVINSON
Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson was born in London in 1889. A leading exponent of Futurism, he went to France and Flanders as a Red Cross orderly, later joining the Royal Army Medical Corps. After being invalided out of the Army, he secured a commission as an official war artist. One of Nevinson’s official works, Paths of Glory, showing two dead British soldiers lying amid mud and barbed wire, was controversially censored. In A Star Shell, Nevinson depicts the weird, unearthly light of an illuminating artillery flare. The shell’s harsh glow reveals a strange landscape of broken ground and barbed wire and captures the disorienting alien nature of the battlefield.
THE RESPONSE, NEWCASTLE
The Response, otherwise known as the Renwick Memorial, was inaugurated in Newcastle in July 1923. A spectacular sculpture by William Goscombe John depicts the volunteers of the Northumberland Fusiliers marching to the station on their way to France. Led by drummers and heralded by the figure of Victory, the men walk resolutely as two sweethearts part for perhaps the last time. Field Marshal Lord Kitchener’s call to arms in September 1914 met with an instant and overwhelming response. While the pre-war British Army needed 30,000 recruits a year, at the peak of the recruiting rush this number enlisted in a single day. By the end of 1915, 2.5 million had volunteered.
PRINCESS MARY’S GIFT FUND BOX
On 15 October 1914, Princess Mary launched her Christmas Gift Fund. In a public letter, she wrote, “I want you now to help me send a Christmas present from the whole nation to every sailor afloat and every soldier at the front.” Her appeal was met with an enthusiastic response, eventually raising over £162,000. On Christmas Day 1914 alone, 426,724 gifts were distributed to British service personnel. Each included writing materials, a Christmas card and a photograph of the Princess, and most contained tobacco and cigarettes, all enclosed in an embossed brass box. Many boxes survived, becoming distinctive mementoes of the war’s first Christmas.
Stamp Set Price £6.27
Stamp Set Code AS27A
Number of stamps: 6: 2 x 1st class, 3 x £1.47
Design: Hat-trick Design
Acknowledgements: Poppy by Fiona Strickland, 2014 © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014; ‘For the Fallen’ by Laurence Binyon, September 1914, lettering and stone carving by Gary Breeze © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014; Private William Cecil Tickle, 9th Battalion, Essex Regiment © Imperial War Museums (HU 93549); A Star Shell by Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson, 1916 © Tate, London 2011; The Response, Newcastle, sculpted by Sir William Goscombe John RA and photographed by Paul Grundy; Princess Mary’s Gift Fund box, courtesy Imperial War Museums, photographed by John Ross © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014 All stamps © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014
Printer International Security Printers Print Process Lithography Format / Size Square / 35mm x 35mm Perforations 14.5 x 14.5 Sheet Format 6 sheets, 25/50 Phosphor ‘For the Fallen’ and A Star Shell – all over; all others – bars as appropriate
All stamps © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014
Via Juan Franco Crespo, Spain.